Fluid Management With Peritoneal Dialysis After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Matthew F Barhight, Danielle Soranno, Sarah Faubel, Katja M Gist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children who undergo cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are a unique population at high risk for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and fluid overload. Fluid management is important in the postoperative care of these children as fluid overload is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Peritoneal dialysis catheters are an important tool in the armamentarium of a cardiac intensivist and are used for passive drainage for fluid removal or dialysis for electrolyte and uremia control in AKI. Prophylactic placement of a peritoneal catheter is a safe method of fluid removal that is associated with few major complications. Early initiation of peritoneal dialysis has been associated with improved clinical markers and outcomes such as early achievement of a negative fluid balance, lower vasoactive medication needs, shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, and decreased mortality. In this review, we discuss the safety and potential benefits of peritoneal catheters for dialysis or passive drainage in children following cardiopulmonary bypass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-704
Number of pages9
JournalWorld journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

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