Fluorescence and Absorbance of Polystyrene in Dilute and Semidilute Solutions

John M. Torkelson, Sanford Lipsky, Matthew Tirrell*, David A. Tirrell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fluorescence and absorbance of polystyrene in solution have been measured over a wide concentration range for several molecular weights and solvents. The absorbance at wavelengths below 280 nm for these molecular weights and solvents is found to be insensitive to the transition between dilute and semidilute solutions. Self-absorption of the fluorescence results in a much reduced observed monomer emission at high concentration. When this is corrected, the ratio of excimer to monomer fluorescence intensity, Ie/Im, is essentially constant at low concentrations and at most increases only very slowly and smoothly at higher concentrations. No significant molecular weight or solvent effects on the concentration dependence of Ie/Im are manifested for these molecular weights and solvents over the concentration range studied. Contrary to previous reports, fluorescence spectroscopy reveals no abrupt transition between dilute and semidilute solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-330
Number of pages5
JournalMacromolecules
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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