Profiling the heterogeneous phenotypes of live cancer cells is a key capability that requires single-cell analysis. However, acquiring information at the single-cell level for live cancer cells is challenging when small collections of cells are being targeted. Here, we report single-cell analysis for low abundance cells enabled by fluorescent droplet cytometry (FDC), an approach that uses a biomarker-specific enzymatic fluorescent assay carried out using a droplet microfluidic platform. FDC utilizes DNA-functionalized antibodies in droplets to achieve specific on-cell target detection and enables characterization and profiling of live cancer cells with single-cell resolution based on their surface phenotype. Using this approach, we achieve live-cell phenotypic profiling of multiple surface markers acquired with small (<40 cells) collections of cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry