Introduction: This study investigated the application of molecular testing to residual thyroid fine-needle aspiration material from needle rinses collected in Cytolyt. Materials and methods: Two thyroid needle rinses from 135 patients were collected in Cytolyt during routine diagnostic workup in our institution. Molecular testing was performed to detect 14 genetic alterations in BRAF, K-, H-, N-RAS genes as well as RET/PTC1, RET/PTC3, and PAX8/PPARγ and verified by next generation sequencing and correlated with cytologic diagnoses. Results: Molecular testing revealed a total of 17 mutations across specimens with benign nodule (n = 5; HRAS, NRAS), Hürthle cell neoplasm (n = 2; BRAF, HRAS) and Papillary thyroid carcinoma (n = 10, 9. BRAF, 1 KRAS) cytology. No RNA gene rearrangements were detected. Conclusions: Mutations and translocations associated with thyroid cancer can be detected in thyroid fine-needle aspiration needle rinses preserved in Cytolyt specimens collected during routine patient management, which are typically discarded when a diagnosis is attained.
- Molecular testing
- Thyroid fine-needle aspiration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine