For the last few decades, advances in high field magnet technology have been such that they allow us to generate very high magnetic fields which have never before been available. Steady fields up to 45 T have been generated at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in the USA using a hybrid magnet combining a superconducting magnet and a water-cooled magnet . With a pulsed magnet, long-pulse fields up to 70–80 T have been generated non-destructively, having a long pulse duration of the order of 10–100 ms. This has been achieved in many laboratories worldwide. Destructive techniques such as flux compression or using a single-turn coil technique can give short pulse fields up to 300–1000 T or even higher. These methods are now available for practical use in solid state physics in several laboratories in the USA, Russia, Japan and Germany. A number of new large-scale facilities have been built or are under construction at institutions around the world. These high magnetic fields have been conveniently employed for a variety of solid state experiments. High magnetic fields are a rich source of interesting and novel science. A variety of intriguing new phenomena in the wide range of condensed matter science has been discovered using these high magnetic fields.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||New Journal of Physics|
|State||Published - 2006|