An example of extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) presenting in the lung, a heretofore unreported site, is described. Macroscopically, a 9.5-cm, tan-white, dominant mass and multiple smaller parenchymal and pleural nodules were identified. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of spindled cells with uniform cytologic features arranged in short, intersecting fascicles and intermixed small lymphocytes and plasma cells. One of 4 peribronchial and hilar lymph nodes evaluated microscopically was focally involved by the process. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic spindled cells expressed complement receptors CD21 and CD35 and low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor but did not express keratin (AE1/AE3 and CAM5.2), CD45 (leukocyte common antigen), CD20 (L26), S-100 protein, muscle-specific actin, or gp100 protein (HMB45). Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells have complex interdigitating cell surface processes and desmosomes. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was not detected in the tumor cells by in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA or by polymerase chain reaction for viral DNA. FDCS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any spindled-cell tumor with interspersed chronic inflammatory cells occurring in the lung. An immunohistochemical panel, including anti-CD21 and -CD35, can assist in its diagnosis, especially with small bronchial biopsy specimens.
- Epstein-Barr virus.
- Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma/tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine