Food as Medicine for Obesity Treatment and Management

Veronica R. Johnson*, Tiffani Bell Washington, Shradha Chhabria, Emily Hsu Chi Wang, Kathryn Czepiel, Karen J.Campoverde Reyes, Fatima Cody Stanford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Nutrition is an important lifestyle modification used in the treatment of obesity. The purpose of this review is to highlight different dietary interventions used to promote weight loss in both adults and children. Methods: A search using PubMed was performed for articles on topics related to nutrition and management and/or treatment of obesity in adults adolescents and children. The literature was reviewed and pertinent sources were used for this narrative review. Discussion: There are many effective nutrition interventions used to treat obesity, including altering macronutrient composition, implementing different dietary patterns, and changing meal timing. Although these interventions can induce weight loss in adults, management of obesity in children is more difficult given their varied nutrition needs in growth and development. The use of food as medicine in obesity treatment is individualized based on patient's age, food preference, and concurrent medical conditions. Implications: Given the multifactorial etiology of obesity, treatment requires multidisciplinary care beyond nutrition intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-681
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Food
  • Management of obesity
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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