We use plate drag to study the response of granular media to localized forcing as a function of volume fraction I. A bifurcation in the force and flow occurs at the onset of dilatancy Ic. Below Ic rapid fluctuations in the drag force FD are observed. Above Ic fluctuations in FD are periodic and increase in magnitude with I. Velocity field measurements indicate that the bifurcation in FD results from the formation of stable shear bands above Ic which are created and destroyed periodically during drag. A friction-based wedge flow model captures the dynamics for I>Ic.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)