Forecasting youth adjustment at age 15 from school readiness profiles at 54 months

Priscilla Goble*, Robert C. Pianta, Terri J. Sabol

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A person-oriented approach examined the extent to which patterns of school readiness across social and cognitive domains in 944 typically-developing 54-month-old children forecast academic achievement, social-emotional development, risk taking, and executive functioning at age 15. Prior work identified six distinct profiles of school readiness at 54 months that predicted group differences in achievement in first grade, as well as achievement and social-emotional outcomes in fifth grade. After controlling for demographics, early language skills, and home and school factors, the 54-month readiness profiles demonstrated different performance on risk-taking and executive function behaviors assessed at age 15. Children with attention problems at 54 months were most likely to believe that peers were engaging in risky behaviors and to have smoked more than 2 cigarettes by age 15. Children with low working memory and low to average social skills at 54 months were outperformed by their peers on working memory and executive function tasks at age 15. Results are discussed in terms of continuity in forms of developmental function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-370
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Developmental Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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