Formation of 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine in Liver DNA of Rats following Long-Term Exposure to a Peroxisome Proliferator

H. Kasai, Y. Okada, S. Nishimura, M. S. Rao, J. K. Reddy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

240 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism by which nongenotoxic peroxisome proliferators induce hepatocellular carcinomas in rats and mice remains intriguing. The available experimental evidence suggests that the proliferation of peroxisomes and induction of peroxisome-associated enzymes results in oxidative stress which then leads to tumorigenesis. However, so far no direct evidence for oxidative DNA damage in livers of peroxisome prolif-erator-treated animals has been established. In the present study we have examined the DNA obtained from the livers of rats treated with ciprofibrate, a potent peroxisome proliferator, for variable periods of time for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), an adduct that results from the damage of DNA caused by hydroxyl radical. Administration of ciprofi-brate in diet at a concentration of 0.025% for 16, 28, 36, or 40 weeks resulted in progressive increases in the levels of 8-OH-dG. At 16, 28, and 40 weeks of ciprofibrate treatment, the 8-OH-dG in the liver DNA was significantly increased as compared to controls. This increase in 8-OH-dG levels is attributed to persistent peroxisome proliferation resulting from chronic ciprofibrate treatment as no increase in 8-OH-dG was found in liver DNA of rats that received a single large dose of ciprofibrate. The results of this study clearly demonstrate, for the first time, that persistent proliferation of peroxisomes leads to specific oxidative DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2603-2605
Number of pages3
JournalCancer Research
Volume49
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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