Formation of Nanoscale Composites of Compound Semiconductors Driven by Charge Transfer

Weiwei Gao, Roberto dos Reis, Laura T. Schelhas, Vanessa L. Pool, Michael F. Toney, Kin Man Yu, Wladek Walukiewicz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Composites are a class of materials that are formed by mixing two or more components. These materials often have new functional properties compared to their constituent materials. Traditionally composites are formed by self-assembly due to structural dissimilarities or by engineering different layers or structures in the material. Here we report the synthesis of a uniform and stoichiometric composite of CdO and SnTe with a novel nanocomposite structure stabilized by the dissimilarity of the electronic band structure of the constituent materials. The composite has interesting electronic properties which range from highly n-type in CdO to semi-insulating in the intermediate composition range to highly p-type in SnTe. This can be explained by the overlap of the conduction and valence band of the constituent compounds. Ultimately, our work identifies a new class of composite semiconductors in which nanoscale self-organization is driven and stabilized by charge transfer between constituent materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5247-5254
Number of pages8
JournalNano letters
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2016

Keywords

  • Composite
  • charge transfer
  • electronic properties
  • self-assembly
  • semiconductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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