Forming and uniformity of shaft parts without a stub bar by axial closed–open-type cross-wedge rolling

Xue dao Shu*, Song Zhang, Kornel F. Ehmann, Zi xuan Li, Yi lun Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


To realize cross-wedge rolling of shaft parts without a stub bar in a short process, an axial closed–open-type cross-wedge rolling technique was proposed. Based on the strain characteristics in the rolling, evaluation indices of deformation uniformity were provided, and the DEFORM-3D software was adopted to conduct numerical simulations of the rolling process. The metal flow and strain distribution in all stages of the rolling process were analyzed. It is shown that the strain value of the rolled piece close to the end is relatively high while the overall strain distribution is uniform in the rolling process. When the percentage reduction in area is smaller, the fluctuation range of the equivalent strain will be lower and the overall uniformity of the rolled piece will be better. A variable angle wedge was implemented to make metal flow inward and eliminate concavity. Finally, rolling experiment was performed, which indicate that the shape of the rolled piece obtained is consistent with the simulation results. Concavity value in the rolling is decreased by 92% as compared to conventional open rolling. The research results lay a theoretical basis for realizing closed–open-type cross-wedge rolling without a stub bar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1054-1063
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Iron and Steel Research International
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • Closed–open-type rolling
  • Cross-wedge rolling
  • Forming mechanism
  • Stub bar
  • Uniformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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