Fosfomycin/tobramycin for inhalation in patients with cystic fibrosis with Pseudomonas airway infection

Bruce C. Trapnell*, Susanna A. McColley, Dana G. Kissner, Mark W. Rolfe, Jonathan M. Rosen, Matthew McKevitt, Lisa Moorehead, A. Bruce Montgomery, David E. Geller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fosfomycin/tobramycin for inhalation (FTI), a unique, broad-spectrum antibiotic combination, may have therapeutic potential for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Objectives: To evaluate safety and efficacy of FTI (160/40 mg or 80/20 mg), administered twice daily for 28 days versus placebo, in patients greater than or equal to 18 years of age, with CF, chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) airway infection, and FEV 1 greater than or equal to 25% and less than or equal to 75% predicted. Methods: This double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study assessed whether FTI/placebo maintained FEV 1% predicted improvements achieved following a 28-day, open-label, run-in course of aztreonam for inhalation solution (AZLI). Measurements and Main Results: A total of 119 patients were randomized to FTI (160/40 mg: n = 41; 80/20 mg: n = 38) or placebo (n = 40). Mean age was 32 years and mean FEV 1 was 49% predicted at screening. Relative improvements in FEV 1% predicted achieved by the AZLI run-in were maintained in FTI groups compared with placebo (160/40 mg vs. placebo: 6.2% treatment difference favoring FTI, P = 0.002 [primary endpoint]; 80/20 mg vs. placebo: 7.5% treatment difference favoring FTI, P < 0.001). The treatment effect on mean PA sputum density was statistically significant for the FTI 80/20 mg group versus placebo (-1.04 log 10 PA colony-forming units/g sputum difference, favoring FTI; P = 0.01). Adverse events, primarily cough, were consistent with CF disease. Respiratory events, including dyspnea and wheezing, were less common with FTI 80/20 mg than FTI 160/40 mg. No clinically significant differences between groups were reported for laboratory values. Conclusions: FTI maintained the substantial improvements in FEV 1% predicted achieved during the AZLI run-in and was well tolerated. FTI is a promising antipseudomonal therapy for patients with CF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2012

Keywords

  • FTI
  • Fosfomycin
  • Inhaled antibiotics
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Tobramycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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