Fossil flowers and pollen of Lauraceae from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey

Patrick S. Herendeen*, William L. Crepet, Kevin C. Nixon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

A fossil trimerous flower from the Turonian (ca. 90 MYBP, Upper Cretaceous) of New Jersey is described as a new genus in the family Lauraceae. The fossil flower is charcoalified and preserved in exceptional detail. This fossil specimen is particularly remarkable in that several pollen grains have been preserved; pollen grains of Lauraceae generally have very thin exine and are rarely preserved in the fossil record. Although the specimen is incomplete and lacks anthers, there are sufficient structural details preserved to permit an assignment to the Lauraceae, as well as comparisons with the tribe Perseeae. This new genus provides an important addition to our knowledge of systematic and structural diversity in Cretaceous Lauraceae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Systematics and Evolution
Volume189
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994

Keywords

  • Lauraceae
  • Laurales
  • Paleobotany
  • Perseanthus
  • Turonian
  • Upper Cretaceous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

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