We demonstrate a contact design that allows four-terminal magnetotransport measurements of cleaved-edge overgrown two-dimensional electron and hole systems. By lithographically patterning and etching a bulk-doped surface layer, finger-shaped leads are fabricated, which contact the two-dimensional systems on the cleave facet. Both n - and p -type two-dimensional systems are demonstrated at the cleaved edge, using Si as either donor or acceptor, dependent on the growth conditions. Four-point measurements of both gated and modulation-doped samples yield fractional quantum Hall features for both n and p types, with several higher-order fractions evident in n -type modulation-doped samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)