Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics

Jonathan A. Fan, Woon Hong Yeo, Yewang Su, Yoshiaki Hattori, Woosik Lee, Sung Young Jung, Yihui Zhang, Zhuangjian Liu, Huanyu Cheng, Leo Falgout, Mike Bajema, Todd Coleman, Dan Gregoire, Ryan J. Larsen, Yonggang Huang, John A. Rogers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

352 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stretchable electronics provide a foundation for applications that exceed the scope of conventional wafer and circuit board technologies due to their unique capacity to integrate with soft materials and curvilinear surfaces. The range of possibilities is predicated on the development of device architectures that simultaneously offer advanced electronic function and compliant mechanics. Here we report that thin films of hard electronic materials patterned in deterministic fractal motifs and bonded to elastomers enable unusual mechanics with important implications in stretchable device design. In particular, we demonstrate the utility of Peano, Greek cross, Vicsek and other fractal constructs to yield space-filling structures of electronic materials, including monocrystalline silicon, for electrophysiological sensors, precision monitors and actuators, and radio frequency antennas. These devices support conformal mounting on the skin and have unique properties such as invisibility under magnetic resonance imaging. The results suggest that fractal-based layouts represent important strategies for hard-soft materials integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3266
JournalNature communications
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2014

Fingerprint

Fractals
fractals
Electronic equipment
Mechanics
electronics
Elastomers
Equipment Design
Equipment and Supplies
Silicon
Monocrystalline silicon
Radio
circuit boards
elastomers
Magnetic resonance
mounting
Mountings
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
visibility
layouts
Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Fan, J. A., Yeo, W. H., Su, Y., Hattori, Y., Lee, W., Jung, S. Y., ... Rogers, J. A. (2014). Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics. Nature communications, 5, [3266]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4266
Fan, Jonathan A. ; Yeo, Woon Hong ; Su, Yewang ; Hattori, Yoshiaki ; Lee, Woosik ; Jung, Sung Young ; Zhang, Yihui ; Liu, Zhuangjian ; Cheng, Huanyu ; Falgout, Leo ; Bajema, Mike ; Coleman, Todd ; Gregoire, Dan ; Larsen, Ryan J. ; Huang, Yonggang ; Rogers, John A. / Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics. In: Nature communications. 2014 ; Vol. 5.
@article{cadce2fda454450eb890d4e4ea33052d,
title = "Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics",
abstract = "Stretchable electronics provide a foundation for applications that exceed the scope of conventional wafer and circuit board technologies due to their unique capacity to integrate with soft materials and curvilinear surfaces. The range of possibilities is predicated on the development of device architectures that simultaneously offer advanced electronic function and compliant mechanics. Here we report that thin films of hard electronic materials patterned in deterministic fractal motifs and bonded to elastomers enable unusual mechanics with important implications in stretchable device design. In particular, we demonstrate the utility of Peano, Greek cross, Vicsek and other fractal constructs to yield space-filling structures of electronic materials, including monocrystalline silicon, for electrophysiological sensors, precision monitors and actuators, and radio frequency antennas. These devices support conformal mounting on the skin and have unique properties such as invisibility under magnetic resonance imaging. The results suggest that fractal-based layouts represent important strategies for hard-soft materials integration.",
author = "Fan, {Jonathan A.} and Yeo, {Woon Hong} and Yewang Su and Yoshiaki Hattori and Woosik Lee and Jung, {Sung Young} and Yihui Zhang and Zhuangjian Liu and Huanyu Cheng and Leo Falgout and Mike Bajema and Todd Coleman and Dan Gregoire and Larsen, {Ryan J.} and Yonggang Huang and Rogers, {John A.}",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms4266",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

Fan, JA, Yeo, WH, Su, Y, Hattori, Y, Lee, W, Jung, SY, Zhang, Y, Liu, Z, Cheng, H, Falgout, L, Bajema, M, Coleman, T, Gregoire, D, Larsen, RJ, Huang, Y & Rogers, JA 2014, 'Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics', Nature communications, vol. 5, 3266. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4266

Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics. / Fan, Jonathan A.; Yeo, Woon Hong; Su, Yewang; Hattori, Yoshiaki; Lee, Woosik; Jung, Sung Young; Zhang, Yihui; Liu, Zhuangjian; Cheng, Huanyu; Falgout, Leo; Bajema, Mike; Coleman, Todd; Gregoire, Dan; Larsen, Ryan J.; Huang, Yonggang; Rogers, John A.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 5, 3266, 07.02.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics

AU - Fan, Jonathan A.

AU - Yeo, Woon Hong

AU - Su, Yewang

AU - Hattori, Yoshiaki

AU - Lee, Woosik

AU - Jung, Sung Young

AU - Zhang, Yihui

AU - Liu, Zhuangjian

AU - Cheng, Huanyu

AU - Falgout, Leo

AU - Bajema, Mike

AU - Coleman, Todd

AU - Gregoire, Dan

AU - Larsen, Ryan J.

AU - Huang, Yonggang

AU - Rogers, John A.

PY - 2014/2/7

Y1 - 2014/2/7

N2 - Stretchable electronics provide a foundation for applications that exceed the scope of conventional wafer and circuit board technologies due to their unique capacity to integrate with soft materials and curvilinear surfaces. The range of possibilities is predicated on the development of device architectures that simultaneously offer advanced electronic function and compliant mechanics. Here we report that thin films of hard electronic materials patterned in deterministic fractal motifs and bonded to elastomers enable unusual mechanics with important implications in stretchable device design. In particular, we demonstrate the utility of Peano, Greek cross, Vicsek and other fractal constructs to yield space-filling structures of electronic materials, including monocrystalline silicon, for electrophysiological sensors, precision monitors and actuators, and radio frequency antennas. These devices support conformal mounting on the skin and have unique properties such as invisibility under magnetic resonance imaging. The results suggest that fractal-based layouts represent important strategies for hard-soft materials integration.

AB - Stretchable electronics provide a foundation for applications that exceed the scope of conventional wafer and circuit board technologies due to their unique capacity to integrate with soft materials and curvilinear surfaces. The range of possibilities is predicated on the development of device architectures that simultaneously offer advanced electronic function and compliant mechanics. Here we report that thin films of hard electronic materials patterned in deterministic fractal motifs and bonded to elastomers enable unusual mechanics with important implications in stretchable device design. In particular, we demonstrate the utility of Peano, Greek cross, Vicsek and other fractal constructs to yield space-filling structures of electronic materials, including monocrystalline silicon, for electrophysiological sensors, precision monitors and actuators, and radio frequency antennas. These devices support conformal mounting on the skin and have unique properties such as invisibility under magnetic resonance imaging. The results suggest that fractal-based layouts represent important strategies for hard-soft materials integration.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943194466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943194466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms4266

DO - 10.1038/ncomms4266

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 3266

ER -

Fan JA, Yeo WH, Su Y, Hattori Y, Lee W, Jung SY et al. Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics. Nature communications. 2014 Feb 7;5. 3266. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4266