Framework for pediatric robotic surgery program development

Chirag Ram, J. Benjamin Pitt, Marshall W. Wallace, Seth D. Goldstein, Irving J. Zamora*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pediatric robotic surgery has seen increasing implementation for its many benefits over the past two decades. As more pediatric surgeons gain exposure to robotic surgery, the interest in utilizing this technology is growing. However, there are no guidelines or existing framework for developing pediatric general surgery robotic programs. Programmatic development can be challenging, requiring institutional support, a minimum 12-month multistep process in partnership with the robot manufacturer, and organization of a local dedicated team. A cornerstone to all program building is collaboration and communication with key stakeholders who are committed to establishing a robotic surgery program. In this manuscript, we detail numerous best practices for implementation, followed by three variations of programmatic development, each drawing lessons from one of three practice settings: (i) A children's hospital in a large medical center associated with an adult hospital, (ii) a free-standing children's hospital, and (iii) a community-based practice. We aim for this article to provide a framework that can serve as a guide for those beginning this process, consolidating the key resources and strategies used to develop a robust pediatric robotic surgery program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151389
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • Pediatric surgery
  • Program development
  • Robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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