Framing public opinion in competitive democracies

Dennis Chong*, James N. Druckman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

619 Scopus citations


What is the effect of democratic competition on the power of elites to frame public opinion? We address this issue first by defining the range of competitive contexts that might surround any debate over a policy issue. We then offer a theory that predicts how audiences, messages, and competitive environments interact to influence the magnitude of framing effects These hypotheses are tested, using experimental data gathered on the opinions of adults and college students toward two policy issues-the management of urban growth and the right of an extremist group to conduct a rally. Our results indicate that framing effects depend more heavily on the qualities of frames than on their frequency of dissemination and that competition alters but does not eliminate the influence of framing. We conclude by discussing the implications of these results for the study of public opinion and democratic political debate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-655
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Political Science Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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