Graphene, like a sheet of paper, folds under mechanical forces. The stability of folded graphene, however, depends on the folding direction and the resulted graphene stacking. Suspended graphene in liquids folds freely under random ultrasonic stimulations. We determined the structure of ∼100 folded graphene edges by electron nanodiffraction. About 1/3 are armchair and 1/3 are zigzag. The results are explained by the energetics of graphene folding and atomic simulation. The zigzag edge has AB stacking, while in the armchair edge, AB stacking is achieved in some areas by a small twist.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)