Friendship During Childhood and Cultural Variations

Kelsey B. Borner*, Laurie A. Gayes, Jeffrey A. Hall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Throughout the world, children seek out friendships and friendships develop naturally over time. Despite cultural differences, friendships are founded on several core features that transcend cultural boundaries, including reciprocity, mutual liking, and similarity. Theories of childhood friendship began with the work of Harry Stack Sullivan in the 1950s and have developed more broadly since the 1970s. Childhood friendships are typically evaluated based on prevalence, characteristics, stability, and quality. Friendships are beneficial for children's social and emotional development, and may buffer children against the negative life events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015


  • Child development
  • Childhood friendship
  • Cultural variations
  • Friendship
  • Friendship quality
  • Friendship stability
  • Friendship theories
  • Harry Stack Sullivan
  • Piaget
  • Willard W. Hartup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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