Friendships of children and adolescents with spina bifida: Social adjustment, social performance, and social skills

Katie A. Devine, Grayson N. Holmbeck*, Laurie Gayes, Jason Q. Purnell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectiveTo characterize dyadic and general friendships of youth with spina bifida (SB). MethodsFamilies of youth with SB recruited a peer to participate; 106 dyads participated. Youth with SB and peers completed questionnaires and interviews regarding characteristics of the dyadic friendship and each individual's general friendships. Results Youth with SB and their peers were similar in many ways. However, youth with SB rated the friendship as closer and were more likely to see peers as best friends rather than the reverse. Regarding general friendships, youth with SB spent fewer days with friends, reported lower levels of companionship, security, and closeness in their friendships, and reported lower levels of emotional support from peers and family. Conclusions Youth with SB experience significant differences in the quality and reciprocation of friendships. Targeted interventions may assist youth in developing high quality friendships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • friendship
  • peers
  • spina bifida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Friendships of children and adolescents with spina bifida: Social adjustment, social performance, and social skills'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this