From high school to work: market and institutional mechanisms in Japan

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Abstract

Market models posit that institutional linkages interfere with efficient labor markets. Many Japanese high schools have agreements with employers to hire their students, and this article examines the reasons they make these ties, and the criteria they use to select students. Interviews with teachers and recruiters indicate that the Japanese system shifts the competition for jobs from the labor market into schools and among schools, and employers also compete for dependable sources of labor. Multivariate analysis of surveys of 1408 high schools and 964 seniors indicate that desirable jobs are allocated more on the basis of academic than nonacademic criteria, contrary to the predictions of some models. Institutional linkages differ from both economic market models and from sociological personal network models, and they have practical and theoretical implications for understanding the relationship between education and work. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1365
Number of pages32
JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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