Full-Duplex Receiver With Wideband, High-Power RF Self-Interference Cancellation Based on Capacitor Stacking in Switched-Capacitor Delay Lines

Sasank Garikapati, Aravind Nagulu, Igor Kadota, Mostafa Essawy, Tingjun Chen, Shibo Wang, Tanvi Pande, Arun S. Natarajan, Gil Zussman, Harish Krishnaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The self-interference (SI) channels in full-duplex (FD) radios have large nano-second-scale delay spreads, which poses a significant challenge in designing SI cancelers that can emulate the SI channel over wide bandwidths. Passive implementations of high delay lines have a prohibitively large form factor and loss when implemented on silicon, whereas active implementations suffer from noise and linearity penalties. In this work, we leverage time-interleaved multi-path switched-capacitor (SC) circuits to provide large wideband delays with a small form factor and low power (LP) consumption to implement RF and baseband (BB) cancelers in an FD receiver (RX). We utilize capacitor stacking to obtain passive voltage gain to compensate for the loss of these delay elements, thus permitting an increased number of interleaved paths and, hence, a higher delay. Furthermore, to reduce the RX noise figure (NF) penalty due to injecting the cancellation signal into the receiver, we introduce a novel low-noise trans-impedance amplifier (LNTA) architecture, which injects the cancellation signal into RX and also accomplishes finite impulse response (FIR) filter weighting and summation. The FD receiver is implemented in a standard 65-nm CMOS process and operates from 0.1 to 1 GHz. The RF/BB canceler delay cells have real-/complex-valued weighting with delays ranging from 0 to 7.75 ns/0 to 85 ns while consuming 7.4-and 1.9-mW dc power per tap, respectively. These large tunable delays enable 41-/38-dB integrated SI cancellation for 40-/80-MHz bandwidth over 29-dB isolation provided by a CMOS circulator operating at 0.95 GHz. The canceler handles a transmitter (TX) power of up to <inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$+10$</tex-math> </inline-formula>/<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$+15$</tex-math> </inline-formula> dBm in LP/high-power (HP) modes with 0.8-/2.8-dB RX NF degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Capacitor stacking
  • Delays
  • Filters
  • Finite impulse response filters
  • Gain
  • Interference cancellation
  • Radio frequency
  • Receivers
  • delay lines
  • full duplex (FD)
  • multipath switched capacitors (SCs)
  • self-interference (SI)
  • time-domain equalization (TDE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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