Fully implantable and bioresorbable cardiac pacemakers without leads or batteries

Yeon Sik Choi, Rose T. Yin, Anna Pfenniger, Jahyun Koo, Raudel Avila, K. Benjamin Lee, Sheena W. Chen, Geumbee Lee, Gang Li, Yun Qiao, Alejandro Murillo-Berlioz, Alexi Kiss, Shuling Han, Seung Min Lee, Chenhang Li, Zhaoqian Xie, Yu Yu Chen, Amy Burrell, Beth Geist, Hyoyoung JeongJoohee Kim, Hong Joon Yoon, Anthony Banks, Seung Kyun Kang, Zheng Jenny Zhang, Chad R. Haney, Alan Varteres Sahakian, David Johnson, Tatiana Efimova, Yonggang Huang, Gregory D. Trachiotis, Bradley P. Knight, Rishi K. Arora, Igor R. Efimov, John A. Rogers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations


Temporary cardiac pacemakers used in periods of need during surgical recovery involve percutaneous leads and externalized hardware that carry risks of infection, constrain patient mobility and may damage the heart during lead removal. Here we report a leadless, battery-free, fully implantable cardiac pacemaker for postoperative control of cardiac rate and rhythm that undergoes complete dissolution and clearance by natural biological processes after a defined operating timeframe. We show that these devices provide effective pacing of hearts of various sizes in mouse, rat, rabbit, canine and human cardiac models, with tailored geometries and operation timescales, powered by wireless energy transfer. This approach overcomes key disadvantages of traditional temporary pacing devices and may serve as the basis for the next generation of postoperative temporary pacing technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1238
Number of pages11
JournalNature biotechnology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Fully implantable and bioresorbable cardiac pacemakers without leads or batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this