Functional analysis of human T cell subsets defined by monoclonal antibodies. I. Collaborative T-T interactions in the immunoregulation of B cell differentiation

Y. Thomas, J. Sosman, O. Irigoyen, S. M. Friedman, P. C. Kung, G. Goldstein, L. Chess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations

Abstract

T-B and T-T interactions involved in the regulation of PWM-triggered human B cell differentiation were studied in vitro. Functionally distinct human T cell subsets were isolated by C-mediated lysis by using the monoclonal antibodies OKT4 and OKT8. Graded numbers of either untreated or irradiated T cell subsets were added to autologous B cells, and total antibody synthesis was measured after 5 to 6 days of culture by using a highly sensitive reverse hemolytic plaque assay. The data indicate that a) the helper activity that is exclusively contained within the OKT4 + population is radiosensitive. Only at high T/B ratios can this radiosensitivity be overcome; b) the OKT8 + population contains radiosensitive cells important in suppressing B cell differentiation, and c) the suppression induced with OKT8 + cells requires the presence of radiosensitive OKT4 + cells. Thus, OKT8 + cells added to cultures containing B cells and irradiated OKT4 + cells do not suppress the PFC response. Addition of unirradiated OKT4 + cells to these cultures permits reexpression of suppression by OKT8 + cells. It is concluded that two radiosensitive cells, one within the OKT4 + population and the other within the OKT8 + population, collaborate to induce suppression. Possible mechanisms for this suppressive interaction including induction of suppressor precursor cells within the OKT4 + population or inhibition of OKT4 + helper cells by OKT8 + cells are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2402-2408
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume125
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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