A laboratory evaluation was undertaken to assess the shoulder range of motion and distal strength after oncologic resection and reconstruction involving the shoulder joint and to compare these functional parameters based on potentially important variables. Inclusion in the study was limited to 32 patients with bone tumors of the proximal humerus or scapula treated surgically by resection of the shoulder joint including the proximal humerus from 1976 through 1992. Active shoulder range of motion and isometric elbow extension and forearm supination strength are significantly less after surgery in patients with greater amounts of bony resection and with resection of the deltoid. Patients who had a modified Tikhoff-Linberg resection were able to achieve 10°to 15°greater shoulder motion in each direction than were patients who had the classic procedure including complete scapulectomy. However, elbow flexion and extension strength and forearm pronation strength were greater for the patients with the classic resection. Osteoarticular allografts as a reconstructive alternative provide as a group the best shoulder motion and overall distal upper extremity strength, but these reconstructions were performed only when the rotator cuff muscles and deltoid were able to be reconstructed. Diminishing elbow strength was seen with longer followup in the patients with osteoarticular reconstructions, corresponding temporally to subchondral collapse observed on radiographs. Range of shoulder motion except rotation was just as good for allograft vascularized fibular arthrodeses as for the osteoarticular allografts, but strength was significantly less with the arthrodeses.
|Number of pages
|Clinical orthopaedics and related research
|Published - Mar 1998
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine