Background & Aims: The etiologies of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) vary, as do their therapeutic implications. We aimed to identify patients with EGJOO most likely to benefit from achalasia-type treatment, based on findings from functional luminal imaging probe (FLIP) panometry. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 34 patients who received a diagnosis of EGJOO from January 2015 through July 2017. Our analysis included patients who had been evaluated with timed barium esophagram, FLIP, or upper endoscopy. Results: Among the 34 patients with idiopathic EGJOO, 7 (21%) had a normal esophagogastric junction distensibility index (EGJ-DI), based on FLIP panometry, and all had repetitive antegrade contractions. None of the patients had radiographic evidence of EGJOO (RAD-EGJOO), defined as liquid barium retention and/or barium tablet impaction. On the other hand, all 18 patients with RAD-EGJOO had an EGJ-DI less than 2 mm2/mm Hg. Nine of the 18 patients with RAD-EGJOO and EGJ-DI less than 2 mm2/mm Hg underwent achalasia-type treatment, and 77.8% of these (7 of 9) had improvements in Eckardt score. Of the 6 patients with a normal EGJ-DI (>3 mm2/mm Hg) who were treated conservatively and followed up, 100% had improvements in subsequent Eckardt scores. Conclusions: We found that FLIP is useful in identifying patients with EGJOO who are most likely to benefit from achalasia-type therapy. Patients with a low EGJ-DI responded well to achalasia-type treatment, whereas patients with normal results from FLIP panometry had good outcomes from conservative management. FLIP panometry might help select management strategies for this difficult population of patients.
- Esophagogastric Junction Distensibility Index
- Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction
- Functional Luminal Imaging Probe
ASJC Scopus subject areas