Introduction: Tibio-talo-calcaneal (TTC) fusion is a successful surgery for Charcot neuropathy affecting the hindfoot. A case series of Charcot neuropathy is presented with almost complete loss affecting hindfoot treated with tibio-talo-calcaneal nail. Material and methods: Seven patients with Charcot neuropathy of the hindfoot having varying degrees of talus loss underwent tibio-talo-calcaneal nailing between January 2014 and Feb 2016 at a tertiary care hospital by a single surgeon. All the patients were type 3a as per Brodsky classification. Patients with active infection, fractures and avascular necrosis of talus was excluded from the study. The final outcome was measured using the AOFAS and FADI scores at the end of 2 years. Results: The mean duration of diabetes was 8.16 ± 3.12 years. Two patients (28.6%) had total and 5 (71.4%) patients had subtotal talus loss. Anterior approach was used in four, and lateral approach was used in three cases respectively. The talus was reconstructed by using the iliac crest or the graft from the distal fibula wherever appropriate. The average surgical duration was 93.28 ± 4.84 min. One patient had deep infection, 2 years after the surgery which was treated by implant removal and antibiotics. No patients had non-union. The pre-operative AOFAS scores improved from 32.2 ± 2.58 to 73.4 ± 3.36 at 2-year follow-up (p < 0.0001). Similarly, the pre-operative FADI scores were 31.74 ± 1.98 which improved to 65.94 ± 3.68 at the end of 2 years (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Retrograde tibio-talo-calcaneal nail is a good option for limb salvage in patients with severe talus loss with good functional outcome. Level of evidence: Therapeutic IV.
- Charcot neuropathy
- Tibio-talo-calcaneal nail
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine