The idea that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are characterized by enhanced sensitivity to rewarding stimuli is at the core of the reward hypersensitivity model, one of the most prominent and well-supported theories of BSDs. In this article, we present the reward hypersensitivity model of BSDs, review evidence supporting it, discuss its relevance to explaining why BSDs typically begin and consolidate during the period of adolescence, and consider three major unresolved issues for this model that provide important directions for future research. Finally, we present integrations of the reward hypersensitivity model with circadian rhythm and immune system models that should provide greater understanding of the mechanisms involved in BSDs, and then suggest additional directions for future research deriving from these integrated models.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology|
|State||Published - Jul 4 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology