Integrins mediate cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix and transmit signals witnin the cell that stimulate cell spreading, retraction, migration, and proliferation. The mechanism of integrin outside-in signaling has been unclear. We found that the heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein) Gα13 directly bound to the integrin β3 cytoplasmic domain and that Gα13-integrin interaction was promoted by ligand binding to the integrin αIIbβ 3 and by guanosine triphosphate (GTP) loading of Gα 13. Interference of Gα13 expression or a myristoylated fragment of Gα13 that inhibited interaction of αIIbβ3 with Gα13 diminished activation of protein kinase c-Src and stimulated the small guanosine triphosphatase RhoA, consequently inhibiting cell spreading and accelerating cell retraction. We conclude that integrins are noncanonical Gα13-coupled receptors that provide a mechanism for dynamic regulation of RhoA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas