GAB2 - A scaffolding protein in cancer

Sarah J. Adams, Iraz T. Aydin, Julide T. Celebi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adaptor or scaffolding proteins mediate protein-protein interactions that drive the formation of protein complexes. Grb2-associated binding protein 2 (GAB2) scaffolding protein is an intermediary molecule that links plasma membrane receptor signaling including receptor tyrosine kinases with the downstream effectors, such as protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 11 (SHP2), p85 subunit of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3-K), phospholipase C-gamma 1 (PLC-γ ), v-crk sarcoma virus CT10 (CRK), Src homology 2 domain containing transforming protein 1 (SHC), and SH2 containing inositol phosphatase (SHIP). Although, well described in signal transduction, its role in cancer has recently been emerging especially in leukemia, breast and ovarian cancer, and melanoma. GAB2 is essential for two major signal transduction pathways in cancer, the PI3-K-AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways, and thus regulates a number of key cellular processes. This review focuses on structure and function of GAB2, its regulatory proteins, emerging role in cancer, and potential as a therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1265-1270
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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