Gait speed and kinesiophobia explain physical activity level in adults with osteoarthritis: A cross-sectional study

Burcu Aydemir*, Chun Hao Huang, Kharma C. Foucher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Identifying potential contributing factors for physical inactivity in people with knee osteoarthritis is vital for designing practical activity promoting interventions. Walking is a common activity, but it is unknown how gait characteristics may influence physical activity and if psychological factors, specifically fear of movement (kinesiophobia), contribute to this relationship. The aim of our study was to investigate the contributions of select gait parameters and kinesiophobia to activity levels. Cross-sectional data from 40 participants (F 24|M 16; age 57.6 ± 8.9 years; BMI 34.7 ± 7.0 kg/m2) with uni- or bilateral knee osteoarthritis were included. Physical activity and kinesiophobia were assessed by self-report using the University of California, Los Angeles activity rating scale, and Tampa scale for kinesiophobia, respectively. Gait parameters were collected with three-dimensional gait analysis while participants walked on an instrumented split-belt treadmill at a self-selected speed. Higher peak sagittal plane joint moments at the ankle (ρ = 0.418, p = 0.007), and hip (ρ = 0.348, p = 0.028), faster self-selected gait speed (ρ = 0.553, p < 0.001), and less kinesiophobia or fear of movement (ρ = −0.695, p < 0.001) were independently related to higher physical activity level in adults with knee osteoarthritis. In hierarchical regression models, after accounting for covariates, only self-selected gait speed, and kinesiophobia significantly contributed to explaining the variation in physical activity level. Statement of clinical significance: Interventions aimed at improving physical activity participation in those with lower limb osteoarthritis should consider assessing the contribution of pain-related fear of movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2629-2637
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • gait
  • joint loading
  • kinesiophobia
  • knee osteoarthritis
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Gait speed and kinesiophobia explain physical activity level in adults with osteoarthritis: A cross-sectional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this