Gamma‐glutamyl transpeptidase in precancerous lesions and carcinomas of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal mucosa

Lilian Calderon‐Solt*, Dennis B. Solt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine whether gamma‐glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) histochemical activity is expressed during the development of human oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal squamous neoplasms. Surgical specimens from 46 patients were sampled and unfixed frozen sections were prepared and processed for histopathologic evaluation and histochemical localization of GGT. The patients' tobacco exposure, alcohol intake, and previously diagnosed neoplastic disease were documented. Generalized or patchy GGT histochemical activity was observed in each of 22 squamous cell carcinomas and in each of 33 dysplastic samples. Thus, GGT appears to be expressed during the development of malignant squamous epithelial neoplasms of the oral‐pharyngeal‐laryngeal region. In addition, the detection of GGT activity in several samples of nondysplastic epithelium, obtained from patients at high risk of developing cancer in this region, raises the possibility that this marker is expressed in very early precancerous sites that have not yet developed the histologic hallmarks of premalignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-143
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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