GATA-1 and Oct-1 are required for expression of the human α-hemoglobin-stabilizing protein gene

Patrick G. Gallagher*, Robert I. Liem, Ellice Wong, Mitchell J. Weiss, David M. Bodine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


α-Hemoglobin-stabilizing protein (AHSP) is an erythroid protein that binds and stabilizes α-hemoglobin during normal erythropoiesis and in pathological states of α-hemoglobin excess. AHSP has been proposed as a candidate gene in some Heinz body hemolytic anemias and as a modifier gene in the β-thalassemia syndromes. To gain additional insight into the molecular mechanisms controlling the erythroid-speciflc expression of the AHSP gene and provide the necessary tools for further genetic studies of these disorders, we have initiated identification and characterization of the regulatory elements controlling the human AHSP gene. We mapped the 5′-end of the AHSP erythroid cDNA and cloned the 5′-flanking genomic DNA containing the putative AHSP gene promoter. In vitro studies using transfection of promoter/reporter plasmids in human tissue culture cell lines, DNase I footprinting analyses and gel mobility shift assays, identified an AHSP gene erythroid promoter with functionally important binding sites for GATA-1- and Oct-1-related proteins. In transgenic mice, a reporter gene directed by a minimal human AHSP promoter was expressed in bone marrow, spleen, and reticulocytes, but not in nonerythroid tissues. In vivo studies using chroma tin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated hyperacetylation of the promoter region and occupancy by GATA-1. The AHSP promoter is an excellent candidate region for mutations associated with decreased AHSP gene expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39016-39023
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 25 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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