GATA1 mutations in red cell disorders

Te Ling, John D. Crispino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


GATA1 is an essential regulator of erythroid cell gene expression and maturation. In its absence, erythroid progenitors are arrested in differentiation and undergo apoptosis. Much has been learned about GATA1 function through animal models, which include genetic knockouts as well as ones with decreased levels of expression. However, even greater insights have come from the finding that a number of rare red cell disorders, including Diamond–Blackfan anemia, are associated with GATA1 mutations. These mutations affect the amino-terminal zinc finger (N-ZF) and the amino-terminus of the protein, and in both cases can alter the DNA-binding activity, which is primarily conferred by the third functional domain, the carboxyl-terminal zinc finger (C-ZF). Here we discuss the role of GATA1 in erythropoiesis with an emphasis on the mutations found in human patients with red cell disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-118
Number of pages13
JournalIUBMB Life
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • GATA1
  • anemia
  • erythropoiesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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