Gate-tunable carbon nanotube-MoS2 heterojunction p-n diode

Deep Jariwala, Vinod K. Sangwan, Chung Chiang Wu, Pradyumna L. Prabhumirashi, Michael L. Geier, Tobin J. Marks*, Lincoln J. Lauhon, Mark C. Hersam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

346 Scopus citations


The p-n junction diode and field-effect transistor are the two mostubiquitous building blocks of modern electronics and optoelectronics. In recent years, the emergence of reduced dimensionality materials has suggested that these components can be scaled down to atomic thicknesses. Although high-performance field-effect devices have been achieved from monolayered materials and their heterostructures, a p-n heterojunction diode derived from ultrathin materials is notably absent and constrains the fabrication of complex electronic and optoelectronic circuits. Here we demonstrate a gate-tunable p-n heterojunction diode using semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and single-layer molybdenum disulfide as p-type and n-type semiconductors, respectively. The vertical stacking of these two direct band gap semiconductors forms a heterojunction with electrical characteristics that can be tuned with an applied gate bias to achieve a widerange of charge transport behavior ranging from insulating to rectifying with forward-to-reverse bias current ratios exceeding 104. This heterojunction diode also responds strongly to optical irradiation with an external quantum efficiency of 25% and fast photoresponse <15 μs. Because SWCNTs have a diverse range of electrical properties as a function of chirality and an increasing number of atomically thin 2D nanomaterials are being isolated, the gate-tunable p-n heterojunction concept presented here should be widely generalizable to realize diverse ultrathin, high-performance electronics and optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18076-18080
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number45
StatePublished - Nov 5 2013


  • 2D transition metal dichalcogenide
  • Photodetector
  • Rectifier
  • Single layer MoS
  • Van der Waals heterostructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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