GDNF is trophic for mouse motoneurons that express a mutant superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) gene

Michael L. Derby, Rita Giuliano, Denise A. Figlewicz, Martha C. Bohn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Methods: An in vitro system of motoneurons was established from mice carrying a transgene for a human superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) with a gly 93 ala mutation that has been characterized and used to compare the effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on motoneurons expressing the mutant gene with those on normal motoneurons. Results: Recombinant (100 ng/ml) significantly promoted the survival of a subpopulation of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-immunoreactive motoneurons that were also immunoreac- tive for the homeoprotein islet-1 in cul- tures from both wild type and mutant SOD-1 mice. However, GDNF did not increase the total number of ChAT-immunoreactive neurons in cultures from either wild type or transgenic mice. A distinct subpopulation of islet- 1-immunoreactive motoneurons charac- terized by a soma 3 1/2 times larger and a ten-fold increase in neurite length was observed exclusively in GDNF-treated cultures. In cultures from mutant SOD-1 mice, there were 3 1/2 times as many motoneurons of this subpopulation as in sclerosis (FALS). These cultures were wild type cultures at 6 days in vitro. In addition, this subpopulation of neurons survived for 10 days in vitro, the longest time point studied, in culture from mutant SOD-1 mice, but not in cultures from wild type mice. This subpopulation was also present at 6 days in vitro in cultures from mutant SOD-1 mice that received GDNF at 3 days in vitro instead of at the time of plating, suggesting that GDNF promotes the differentiation of these neurons. Conclusion: Our observations suggest that the expression of a mutant SOD-1 gene, as occurs in familial ALS, does not compromise the trophic effects of GDNF on motoneuron survival, but may affect the development of motoneurons. (ALS 2000: 1:113-122)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor
  • neurotrophic
  • spinal cord
  • superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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