Gender analysis of Journal of Perinatology authorship during COVID-19

Lauren Gadek, Christiane Dammann, Renate Savich, Christiana Mmuo-Oji, Leonardo Barrera, Patrick G. Gallagher, Kerri Machut*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine authorship gender distributions before and during COVID-19 in the Journal of Perinatology. Study design: We collected data from the Journal of Perinatology website. The author gender was determined using or a systematic internet search. Our primary outcome was the difference between the number of published articles authored by women during the pandemic period (March 2020-May 2021, period two), compared with the preceding 15-month period (period one). We analyzed the data using chi-square tests. Results: Publications increased from period one to two by 8.9%. There were slightly more female than male first (62%) and overall (53%) authors, but fewer last authors (43%) for the combined time periods. Female authorship distribution was not different between periods. Conclusions: Though publications increased overall, authorship gender distribution did not change significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Women authors remain underrepresented overall and specifically as last author, considering the majority of neonatologists are women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-522
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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