Gender and the social rights of citizenship: the comparative analysis of gender relations and welfare states

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This article develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the gender content of social provision that draws on feminist and mainstream work. Three dimensions of qualitative variation suggested by power resources analysts are reconstructed to incorporate gender: the state-market relations dimension is extended to consider the ways countries organize the provision of welfare through families as well as through states and markets; it is then termed the state-market-family relations dimension; the stratification dimension is expanded to consider the effects of social provision by the state on gender relations; the social citizenship rights/decommodification dimension is criticized for implicit assumptions about the sexual division of caring and domestic labor and for ignoring the differential effects on men and women of benefits that decommodify labor. Two additional dimensions are proposed to capture the effects of state social provision on gender relations: access to paid work and capacity to form and maintain an autonomous household. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-328
Number of pages26
JournalAmerican Sociological Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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