Gender differentials in farm productivity: implications for household efficiency and agricultural policy

Christopher Udry*, John Hoddinott, Harold Alderman, Lawrence Haddad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within many African households, agricultural production is simultaneously carried out on many plots controlled by different members of the household. Detailed plot-level agronomic data from Burkina Faso provides striking evidence of substantial inefficiencies in the allocation of factors of production across the plots controlled by different members of the household. Production function estimates imply that the value of household output could be increased by 10-15% by reallocating currently used factors of production across plots. This finding contradicts standard models of agricultural households. A richer model of behaviour, which recognizes that the individuals who comprise a household compete as well as co-operate, has important implications for the structure of agricultural production and for the design of agricultural policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-423
Number of pages17
JournalFood Policy
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

Keywords

  • agricultural policy
  • farm productivity
  • gender differentials
  • household efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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