Gender Disparities in Academic Radiology Authorship: A 13-Year Review

Nicholas Xiao, Rocio Marquez-Karry, Diego F.M. Oliveira, Senta Berggruen, Jeanne M. Horowitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Rationale and Objectives: Underrepresentation of women in many scientific fields has been linked to biases against female-authored publications in peer-reviewed journals, thereby reducing their opportunities for career development and promotions. The objective of this study is to determine the representation of female academic radiologists in four flagship general radiology journals to elucidate gender-specific trends and disparities in academic radiology. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 23,741 peer-reviewed articles published in Radiology, American Journal of Roentgenology, Journal of the American College of Radiology and Academic Radiology from 2007 to 2020. Data abstraction and statistical analysis were performed for author gender, first and last authorship, research funding, and number of citations and grants. Baseline demographics data of academic radiologists was obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). Results: A total of 72.4% of authors were male with 54% of articles were written by a male first author and male last author. When compared with assumed random pairing, there were significantly fewer Male/Female author combinations and more Female/Female author combinations than expected (p<0.01). Over the 13-year time period, the rate of increase in the number of female authors exceeded the rate of increase in women in academic radiology as reported by the AAMC. Female last authors received on average 3.2 less citations than their male counterparts (p=.03). Of manuscripts with last female authors, 31.7% of female last authors were funded compared to 25.9% of last male authors. Conclusion: This study showed the increasing numbers and higher productivity of female authors in academic radiology, suggesting progress is being made in overcoming gender disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1714-1720
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic radiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Academic radiology
  • Gender disparity
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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