Gender moderates the self-regulatory consequences of suppressing emotional reactions to sexism

Sarah E. Johnson, Melissa A. Mitchell, Meghan G. Bean, Jennifer A. Richeson, J. Nicole Shelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This study examined whether members of low-status, stigmatized groups are less susceptible to the negative cognitive consequences of suppressing their emotional reactions to prejudice, compared with members of high-status, non-stigmatized groups. Specifically, we examined whether regulating one s emotional reactions to sexist comments-an exercise of self-regulation-leaves women less cognitively depleted than their male counterparts. We hypothesized that the greater practice and experience of suppressing emotional reactions to sexism that women are likely to have relative to men should leave them less cognitively impaired by such emotion suppression. Results were consistent with this hypothesis. Moreover, these results suggest that our social group memberships may play an important role in determining which social demands we find depleting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-226
Number of pages12
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2010


  • Emotion suppression
  • Self-regulation
  • Sexism
  • Social stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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