Gene transfer of pro-IL-18 and IL-1β converting enzyme cDNA induces potent antitumor effects in L1210 cells

B. Zhang, K. F. Wu*, Y. M. Lin, X. T. Ma, Q. Rao, G. G. Zheng, Z. Y. Cao, G. Li, Y. H. Song

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We report in a murine model of acute lymphoid leukemia L1210 the potent antitumor efficiency of a combinatorial delivery of pro-IL-18 gene modified L1210 (Lp18) and IL-1β converting enzyme (ICE) gene modified L1210 (LpICE). Live leukemia cells Lp18 or Lp18 plus LpICE showed apparently reduced leukemogenicity with a survival rate of 40 or 50% at 50 days after intraperitoneal (i.p.) inoculation of a lethal dose of cells, respectively. Combination of Lp18 and LpICE was capable of inhibiting accumulation of bloody ascites, synergistically superior to Lp18 or LpICE alone. All surviving mice were rechallenged with parental L1210 cells at day 50, and all survived up to day 80, suggesting that gene-modified cells induced immune protection. Moreover, NK cytotoxicity and CTL activity were both enhanced in mice injected with Lp18, especially Lp18 plus LpICE. Levels of IFN-γ were not altered significantly by inoculation of Lp18 or Lp18 plus LpICE. Our results demonstrate that IL-18 is a useful candidate gene in gene therapy of lymphoma or lymphoid leukemia, and ex vivo combinatorial delivery of Lp18 plus LpICE either as a single approach or as an adjunct to concomitant radiotherapy or chemotherapy, may be more efficient in a situation of minimal residual disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-825
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004


  • Antitumor effects
  • Gene modified
  • ICE
  • Immunotherapy
  • Interleukin 18
  • L1210

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Gene transfer of pro-IL-18 and IL-1β converting enzyme cDNA induces potent antitumor effects in L1210 cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this