General anesthetics modulate GABA receptor channel complex in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons

M. Nakahiro, J. Z. Yeh, E. Brunner, T. Narahashi

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130 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of halothane, isoflurane, and enflurane on ionic currents induced by bath application of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were studied with the rat dorsal root ganglion neurons maintained in primary culture. The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to record the current. In normal neurons before exposure to anesthetics, GABA at low concentrations (1-3 x 10-6 M) induced a small sustained inward current. At higher concentrations (3 x 10-5 M-1 x 10-3 M), GABA induced a large inward current, which decayed to a steady-state level (desensitization). Halothane (0.86 mM), isoflurane (0.96 mM), and enflurane (1.89 mM), each equivalent to the respective 2 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) units, augmented the sustained current evoked by 3 x 10-6 M GABA to 330-350% of control and the peak current evoked by 3 x 10-5 M of GABA to 136-145% of control. The decay phase of the current was accelerated by the anesthetics, the time for the current to decline to 70% of the peak being reduced to 23-39% of control. In contrast, the desensitized steady-state current evoked by high concentrations of GABA was decreased by anesthetics. In conclusion, general anesthetics exert a dual effect on the GABA receptor channel complex: to potentiate the nondesensitized (both peak and sustained) current and to suppress the desensitized steady-state current. The potentiation of the GABA receptor channel response may be a primary action of anesthetics leading to surgical anesthesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1850-1854
Number of pages5
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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