Generation and diversification of recombinant monoclonal antibodies

Keith F. Deluca, Jeanne E. Mick, Amy H. Ide, Wanessa C. Lima, Lori Sherman, Kristin L. Schaller, Steven M. Anderson, Ning Zhao, Timothy J. Stasevich, Dileep Varma, Jakob Nilsson, Jennifer G. Deluca*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Antibodies are indispensable tools used for a large number of applications in both foundational and translational bioscience research; however, there are drawbacks to using traditional antibodies generated in animals. These include a lack of standardization leading to problems with reproducibility, high costs of antibodies purchased from commercial sources, and ethical concerns regarding the large number of animals used to generate antibodies. To address these issues, we have developed practical methodologies and tools for generating low-cost, high-yield preparations of recombinant monoclonal antibodies and antibody fragments directed to protein epitopes from primary sequences. We describe these methods here, as well as approaches to diversify monoclonal antibodies, including customization of antibody species specificity, generation of genetically encoded small antibody fragments, and conversion of single chain antibody fragments (e.g. scFv) into full-length, bivalent antibodies. This study focuses on antibodies directed to epitopes important for mitosis and kinetochore function; however, the methods and reagents described here are applicable to antibodies and antibody fragments for use in any field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere72093
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Neuroscience


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