Generic and diabetes-specific parent-child behaviors and quality of life among youth with type 1 diabetes

Jill Weissberg-Benchell*, Tonja Nansel, Grayson Holmbeck, Rusan Chen, Barbara Anderson, Tim Wysocki, Lori Laffel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To evaluate associations among parent-child behaviors and generic and diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a multi-site sample of youth with type 1 diabetes.MethodOne hundred and twenty-one youth and their primary caregivers completed measures of parent-child behaviors, child HRQOL, and participated in an observed family interaction task.ResultsDiabetes- specific parent-child variables were associated significantly with both generic and diabetes-specific HRQOL above and beyond the contributions of demographic and generic parent-child variables, accounting for between 13 and 31 of the variance in HRQOL. Diabetes-specific family conflict and negative diabetes-specific family communication were associated with lower HRQOL. Collaborative parent involvement in diabetes care was associated with higher levels of HRQOL.Conclusions Interventions that target diabetes-specific family interactions will be beneficial to the quality of life of children with type 1 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)977-988
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Family conflict
  • Family interactions
  • Parent-child behavior
  • Quality of life
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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