Genetic association analysis of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit gene GRIN2B and clinical response to clozapine

Danielle L. Taylor*, Arun K. Tiwari, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Steven G. Potkin, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Jo Knight, Gary Remington, Daniel J. Müller, James L. Kennedy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective Approximately 30% of patients with schizophrenia fail to respond to antipsychotic therapy and are classified as having treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Clozapine is the most efficacious drug for treatment-resistant schizophrenia and may deliver superior therapeutic effects partly by modulating glutamate neurotransmission. Response to clozapine is highly variable and may depend on genetic factors as indicated by twin studies. We investigated eight polymorphisms in the N-methyl-d-aspartate glutamate receptor subunit gene GRIN2B with response to clozapine. Methods GRIN2B variants were genotyped using standard TaqMan procedures in 175 European patients with schizophrenia deemed resistant or intolerant to treatment. Response was assessed using change in Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores following six months of clozapine therapy. Categorical and continuous response was assessed using chi-squared test and analysis of covariance, respectively. Results No associations were observed between the variants and response to clozapine. A-allele carriers of rs1072388 responded marginally better to clozapine therapy than GG-homozygotes; however, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.067, uncorrected). Conclusions Our findings do not support a role for these GRIN2B variants in altering response to clozapine in our sample. Investigation of additional glutamate variants in clozapine response is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-134
Number of pages14
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • GRIN2B
  • clozapine
  • glutamate
  • pharmacogenetics
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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