Genetic deletion of NOS3 increases lethal cardiac dysfunction following mouse cardiac arrest

David G. Beiser*, Gerasim A. Orbelyan, Brendan T. Inouye, James G. Costakis, Kimm J. Hamann, Elizabeth M. McNally, Terry L Vanden Hoek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study aims: Cardiac arrest mortality is significantly affected by failure to obtain return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Severe myocardial dysfunction and cardiovascular collapse further affects mortality within hours of initial ROSC. Recent work suggests that enhancement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling within minutes of CPR can improve myocardial function and survival. We studied the role of NO signaling on cardiovascular outcomes following cardiac arrest and resuscitation using endothelial NO synthase knockout (NOS3-/-) mice. Methods: Adult female wild-type (WT) and NOS3-/- mice were anesthetized, intubated, and instrumented with left-ventricular pressure-volume catheters. Cardiac arrest was induced with intravenous potassium chloride. CPR was performed after 8min of untreated arrest. ROSC rate, cardiac function, whole-blood nitrosylhemoglobin (HbNO) concentrations, heart NOS3 content and phosphorylation (p-NOS3), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and phospho-troponin I (p-TnI) were measured. Results: Despite equal quality CPR, NOS3-/- mice displayed lower rates of ROSC compared to WT (47.6% [10/21] vs. 82.4% [14/17], p<0.005). Among ROSC animals, NOS3-/- vs. WT mice exhibited increased left-ventricular dysfunction and 120min mortality. Prior to ROSC, myocardial effectors of NO signaling including cGMP and p-TnI were decreased in NOS3-/- vs. WT mice (p<0.05). Following ROSC in WT mice, significant NOS3-dependent increases in circulating HbNO were seen by 120min. Significant increases in cardiac p-NOS3 occurred between end-arrest and 15min post-ROSC, while total NOS3 content was increased by 120min post-ROSC (p<0.05). Conclusions: Genetic deletion of NOS3 decreases ROSC rate and worsens post-ROSC left-ventricular function. Poor cardiovascular outcomes are associated with differences in NOS3-dependent myocardial cGMP signaling and circulating NO metabolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Cyclic guanosine monophosphate
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase 3
  • Sudden cardiac arrest
  • Troponin I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Beiser, D. G., Orbelyan, G. A., Inouye, B. T., Costakis, J. G., Hamann, K. J., McNally, E. M., & Hoek, T. L. V. (2011). Genetic deletion of NOS3 increases lethal cardiac dysfunction following mouse cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 82(1), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.038