Genetic influences on the association between personalitye risk factors and alcohol use and abuse

Brian S. Mustanski, Richard J. Viken, Jaakko Kaprio, Richard J. Rose*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors assessed the association of 2 personality dimensions with use and abuse of alcohol in 1,320 twin pairs concordantly reporting nonabstinence at age 18.5 years. The 2 alcohol outcomes differentially relate to the 2 personality dimensions: Alcohol-related problems correlate more highly with social deviance than with excitement seeking (ES), and alcohol consumption correlates more highly with ES than with social deviance. Biometric models fit to the data identified similar patterns in genetic covariance, although differences were more evident in genetic correlations between social deviance and alcohol outcomes than in those for ES. Results suggest that genetic influences underlie the association of personality with alcohol use and subsequent problems and illustrate the utility of informative twin analyses in exploring links between genes, personality, and behavior disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-289
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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