Genetic predictors of antipsychotic response to lurasidone identified in a genome wide association study and by schizophrenia risk genes

Jiang Li, Akane Yoshikawa, Mark D. Brennan, Timothy L. Ramsey, Herbert Y. Meltzer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biomarkers which predict response to atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) increases their benefit/risk ratio. We sought to identify common variants in genes which predict response to lurasidone, an AAPD, by associating genome-wide association study (GWAS) data and changes (Δ) in Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores from two 6-week randomized, placebo-controlled trials of lurasidone in schizophrenia (SCZ) patients. We also included SCZ risk SNPs identified by the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium using a polygenic risk analysis. The top genomic loci, with uncorrected p < 10− 4, include: 1) synaptic adhesion (PTPRD, LRRC4C, NRXN1, ILIRAPL1, SLITRK1) and scaffolding (MAGI1, MAGI2, NBEA) genes, both essential for synaptic function; 2) other synaptic plasticity-related genes (NRG1/3 and KALRN); 3) the neuron-specific RNA splicing regulator, RBFOX1; and 4) ion channel genes, e.g. KCNA10, KCNAB1, KCNK9 and CACNA2D3). Some genes predicted response for patients with both European and African Ancestries. We replicated some SNPs reported to predict response to other atypical APDs in other GWAS. Although none of the biomarkers reached genome-wide significance, many of the genes and associated pathways have previously been linked to SCZ. Two polygenic modeling approaches, GCTA-GREML and PLINK-Polygenic Risk Score, demonstrated that some risk genes related to neurodevelopment, synaptic biology, immune response, and histones, also contributed to prediction of response. The top hits predicting response to lurasidone did not predict improvement with placebo. This is the first evidence from clinical trials that SCZ risk SNPs are related to clinical response to an AAPD. These results need to be replicated in an independent sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-204
Number of pages11
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume192
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Antipsychotic
  • Lurasidone
  • Scaffolding
  • Synaptic adhesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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